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Protect the surface of the concrete floor
To protect the concrete floor, which is operated in the normal mode, or is subject to wear in areas with high traffic, there are several ways to protect the surface.
   Comparable ways: their cost, appearance and ability to perform the task to protect.
   In this article, we consider three ways to finish and protect the floor. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages.
   Thin fil...

Finishing compositions based on water glass. Part 3
When used as part of exhaustion moderator comes coagulation and solidification of liquid glass. However, due to the presence in the composition of Portland cement with a finishing time is an increase strength of the coating due to hydration of cement minerals. Thus from colloids formed during the coagulation liquid glass are actively assigned to the water for hydration of cement, a porous media formed tumors filled Portland cement, which leads to...

Finishing compositions based on water glass. Part 2
Studies in Berlin Institute Federal institute for Materials Research and Testing, show that the average density of 1730 kg/m3 brick large proportion of pores having a size in excess of 1 micron is more than 90% [3] and they are responsible for the increased migration of fluids through brickwork.
   Most fully meet these requirements structure obtained by coagulation and water-soluble potassium silicate forming silica with a high sp...

Modernization and repair of self-propelled machines. (3)
Hardening electrolysis BORATING hinge pins and bushings mates working equipment hydraulic excavators EO-4121 (EA-4321) gives an increase in wear resistance 4-6 times compared to the bulk quenching details.
   Taking into account the high wear resistance of brazed blades, hardened sintered alloys (see Table 1), are recommended for carbide knives dumps graders DZ-122 and RS-98, combined machine E-405 based on KAMAZ, for front dumps a t...

Specialized exhibition Architecture. Construction (END)
Mari-lime brick and gas silicate blocks
   JSC "MZSK" produces silicate brick and a half, color (white, yellow, black, red, blue, green, brown).
   For the production of silica brick used quartz sand from quarries near the plant. Limestone enters the factory with Dobryatinskogo deposit Vladimir region. Silicate brick (Table 1) is used for masonry exterior and interior walls of buildings and structures, as well as ...

Geophysical processes primers and security. Part 5
In the center of Moscow can distinguish vertical structure comprising a crashing into the Earth`s crust magma elongated cylinder (Fig. 2) [5]. In the center section marked lack of extensive vertical zone converted waves ("blind spot"), going from the depths of 70-80 km to 7.5 km. Such "blind spots" are characteristic of the earth`s crust with the introduction of monolithic dense mantle rocks such as gabbro, diabase, etc. In such a zone Tashkent e...

Finishing compositions based on water glass. Part 1
The quality of the decoration of buildings for new construction and reconstruction depend not only on their aesthetic, but also the operational parameters, as good-quality finish - a guarantee of durable service basic designs, long maintenance-free operation, the costs for maintenance and care. Traditional binders used for the production of finishing compositions, liquid glass is widely used, but it has some drawback: coatings based on it gaining...

On possible amendments to the equation Griffiths
Griffith presented a picture of destruction allowed to formulate the problem of determining conditions of the beginning of crack propagation and find its general solution.
   As seen from the above schemes, in the process of crack propagation material directly adjacent to it "coasts" unloaded relaxes. This means that the stress and strain it decreases, and the elastic energy stored earlier in this area of ​​the body is re...

Construction skyscrapers - the requirements of modernity. Part 4
The program is a high-rise building in Moscow
   The project is now a high-rise building in Moscow is implemented in two main areas: the construction of business center "Moscow City" and implementation of the program of the Government of Moscow "New Ring of Russia."
   1. Moscow international business center "Moscow - City"
   The project includes the construction of buildings on the territory of abou...

Degree project - beginning of the road. (3)
Given the great diversity of subject matter and content of diplomas in various specialties, the jury is faced with great difficulties in determining the winners - "Who better violinist or a dancer?". Nevertheless, often based on emotional perception and can estimate the relevance and novelty, and the author`s contribution to the thesis project or job. Absolute winners in recent years have been graduates of Rostov CSO GASU St. Petersburg, Nizhny N...


 Information for builders



 Town  planning  training  in  construction  engineering  universities  (END)

This approach allows, firstly, differentiated approach to town planning education-specific specializations and profiling. Second, objectively balance work programs and plans of disciplines and courses. Third, to provide a high level of professional programs, manuals and textbooks, as established order in the organization of educational and methodical work. Fourthly, focused and in the right amount to adjust curricula, programs, since it is possible to monitor in education. Fifth, to provide training that will not conflict with practical requirements of integrated urban development activities in the development of the territory and stop conscious compromise in solving urban problems private.
   On the problem of improving urban education includes the preparation of specialists able to control the process of urban development, working within the urban and regional planning bodies of local governments: City Hall, prefectures, counties, and gorkomarhitektury, Institute master plan, etc. In this regard, training engineers should be aimed at understanding the holistic picture of modern urban development activities, content and objectives, real-life urban formations created due to the relationships of the planning and the "physical" design with the processes of construction and operation. This is no less complex and important than mastering the principles of operation of the model examined the interaction of objects in urban formations.
   To solve the problems at the level of local government engineers to city planners need new knowledge in the field of spatial formation region, urban and rural settlements and management with special procedures and methods; management, providing the link between the customer, the administration, the contractor, residents of the city; ensure orderly and skillful use of natural resources and environmental protection, urban form legally competent to take decisions based on knowledge of the economic consequences of the proposed options, etc.
   Urban education reform, due to the peculiarities of modern urban development and urban development activities, need for a balanced approach to the formation of the faculty. Given the specifics of education in building universities, should be guided by teachers, gravitating to formal methods for assessing the quality of the projected urban and rural environments. It will bring together professional quality teachers architects and engineers on the basis of a reasonable combination of personal interests in the implementation of their scientific, design, methodological skills and thus provide a basis for improving relations in the structure of urban development activities and in the management of urban development.
   For the full reform of urban education, allowing future engineers urban planners in the learning process to obtain the necessary skills, and teachers constantly upgrade their skills, it is necessary under the patronage of the municipal authorities to create a research-design self-supporting unit. In the Moscow State Construction University, for example, such is the Research and Design Institute "Urban Development and Architecture", using their accumulated experience in the field of reconstruction aid to Moscow. Moreover, the structure and operation of the institution is not a substitute activity units Moscomarchitecture NIiPIGenplana Moscow, but rather complements it on the important and not currently developed areas.
   Proposed way of rational urban renovation education in building universities will enhance the prestige of the engineer-urban planner, to attract the attention of the city authorities, interested in the speedy modernization of management and urban planning, to connect to the system of urban education experts, urban planners, to raise the prestige of Russia in the field of urban education in the world.