Revitalization  of  public  science  and  technology  policy  in  the  construction  and  housing  sector.  Technology  development  typology  buildings  and  facilities  and  systems  architecture  and  construction  standards  based  on  its
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Protect the surface of the concrete floor
To protect the concrete floor, which is operated in the normal mode, or is subject to wear in areas with high traffic, there are several ways to protect the surface.
   Comparable ways: their cost, appearance and ability to perform the task to protect.
   In this article, we consider three ways to finish and protect the floor. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages.
   Thin fil...

Finishing compositions based on water glass. Part 3
When used as part of exhaustion moderator comes coagulation and solidification of liquid glass. However, due to the presence in the composition of Portland cement with a finishing time is an increase strength of the coating due to hydration of cement minerals. Thus from colloids formed during the coagulation liquid glass are actively assigned to the water for hydration of cement, a porous media formed tumors filled Portland cement, which leads to...

Finishing compositions based on water glass. Part 2
Studies in Berlin Institute Federal institute for Materials Research and Testing, show that the average density of 1730 kg/m3 brick large proportion of pores having a size in excess of 1 micron is more than 90% [3] and they are responsible for the increased migration of fluids through brickwork.
   Most fully meet these requirements structure obtained by coagulation and water-soluble potassium silicate forming silica with a high sp...

Modernization and repair of self-propelled machines. (3)
Hardening electrolysis BORATING hinge pins and bushings mates working equipment hydraulic excavators EO-4121 (EA-4321) gives an increase in wear resistance 4-6 times compared to the bulk quenching details.
   Taking into account the high wear resistance of brazed blades, hardened sintered alloys (see Table 1), are recommended for carbide knives dumps graders DZ-122 and RS-98, combined machine E-405 based on KAMAZ, for front dumps a t...

Specialized exhibition Architecture. Construction (END)
Mari-lime brick and gas silicate blocks
   JSC "MZSK" produces silicate brick and a half, color (white, yellow, black, red, blue, green, brown).
   For the production of silica brick used quartz sand from quarries near the plant. Limestone enters the factory with Dobryatinskogo deposit Vladimir region. Silicate brick (Table 1) is used for masonry exterior and interior walls of buildings and structures, as well as ...

Geophysical processes primers and security. Part 5
In the center of Moscow can distinguish vertical structure comprising a crashing into the Earth`s crust magma elongated cylinder (Fig. 2) [5]. In the center section marked lack of extensive vertical zone converted waves ("blind spot"), going from the depths of 70-80 km to 7.5 km. Such "blind spots" are characteristic of the earth`s crust with the introduction of monolithic dense mantle rocks such as gabbro, diabase, etc. In such a zone Tashkent e...

Finishing compositions based on water glass. Part 1
The quality of the decoration of buildings for new construction and reconstruction depend not only on their aesthetic, but also the operational parameters, as good-quality finish - a guarantee of durable service basic designs, long maintenance-free operation, the costs for maintenance and care. Traditional binders used for the production of finishing compositions, liquid glass is widely used, but it has some drawback: coatings based on it gaining...

On possible amendments to the equation Griffiths
Griffith presented a picture of destruction allowed to formulate the problem of determining conditions of the beginning of crack propagation and find its general solution.
   As seen from the above schemes, in the process of crack propagation material directly adjacent to it "coasts" unloaded relaxes. This means that the stress and strain it decreases, and the elastic energy stored earlier in this area of ​​the body is re...

Construction skyscrapers - the requirements of modernity. Part 4
The program is a high-rise building in Moscow
   The project is now a high-rise building in Moscow is implemented in two main areas: the construction of business center "Moscow City" and implementation of the program of the Government of Moscow "New Ring of Russia."
   1. Moscow international business center "Moscow - City"
   The project includes the construction of buildings on the territory of abou...

Degree project - beginning of the road. (3)
Given the great diversity of subject matter and content of diplomas in various specialties, the jury is faced with great difficulties in determining the winners - "Who better violinist or a dancer?". Nevertheless, often based on emotional perception and can estimate the relevance and novelty, and the author`s contribution to the thesis project or job. Absolute winners in recent years have been graduates of Rostov CSO GASU St. Petersburg, Nizhny N...


 Information for builders



 Revitalization  of  public  science  and  technology  policy  in  the  construction  and  housing  sector.  Technology  development  typology  buildings  and  facilities  and  systems  architecture  and  construction  standards  based  on  its

1. Composition
   Technology development typology of buildings and structures and systems architectural standards based on it includes the following components:
   study of the socio-functional requirements in the objects created by the construction of, and requirements for the use of these objects to determine the optimal spaces, their parameters and environmental qualities necessary for ongoing elementary functions;
   identifying opportunities for appropriate communication and cooperation groupings or necessary insulation spaces of different functional purpose;
   identification of external conditions affecting the relationship of functional spaces ("system factors");
   study of optimal conditions layout of functional blocks in the building (including backbone urban factors);
   Identification of possible options for the design and optimum building types; fixing spectrum appropriate layout options and to identify options for optimal functional and socio-economic parameters, possible inclusion in various spatio-environmental situation;
   Bringing buildings types in the classification system;
   Identification of mandatory regulatory requirements for each type of security, strength (resistance), the Environmental Protection purity, physiological and psychological comfort;
   Identification of requirements defined systemic ties building or landscape complex in different situations, the identification of regulatory indicators on this basis;
   reduction to a single typological system of buildings and structures in the modern building, and regulatory requirements to them (with the division on the last general and specific);
   identification of the characteristic parameters in the system, which are the basis for the development of standards for the design, engineering, equipment, systems, heating, water and electricity.
   2. Appointment
   Creating complex interconnected systems typology and standards - general and specific - creates opportunities to streamline the design of procedures and the development of uniform standards to allow technological chain include industrial manufacturing methods interchangeable elements to ensure their large circulation necessary for the profitability of industrial production. Regulatory indicators ensure the safe use of their environmental and compliance with the necessary requirements of comfort. Such work is necessary to carry out because the interrelated problems of typological classification and valuation require systemic solutions. Time has come for him in connection with changes in society and the relationship building complex, forcing the system to change existing building types, scope and methodology of valuation in order to keep social guarantees users of construction products.
   3. Sphere of application
   The proposed technology should be the basis for constructing systems of all types of buildings and their design standards in the architectural and building complex of Russia.
   4. Basis for Selection
   National economic and social significance of the proposed technology is determined by the following factors:
   ensuring safety and environmental building complex objects;
   the possibility of standardizing the elements of buildings and structures, and thus, industrial methods of mass production;
   ensuring systematic in building areas.
   5. Status and trends of development
   As a result, been developing spontaneously changes in post-Soviet Russia building complex system typology of buildings and the norms governing their design, were practically destroyed. Not need their private correction, and the creation of new systems-developed theoretical basis, the general principles and methods of work.
   To be continued